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The era of the Italian Renaissance became famous for many genuine masterpieces of art, among which there are many architectural monuments. One of the most frequented and entertaining in terms of his historical biography is the Florentine Palazzo Rucellai.
In the 1980s, UNESCO noted the high historical and artistic value of the palace in Florence by listing it as a World Heritage Site.
The construction fit into the record-breaking five-year plan (1446-1451), at the end of which an unusual work of architecture appeared before the townspeople.
At first, several ordinary houses were located on the site of the palace, then they were connected into an architectural ensemble. The palace project was commissioned for his family by Giovanni Rucellai, a local merchant known for his charitable activities. Researchers believe that with its appearance the object marked an important event - the union of Rucellai with the famous Medici family.
The facade was invented and embodied in stone by the famous Italian architect Leon Battista Alberti. The master became a pioneer of a new style in medieval architecture - secular architecture. Its facade was very reminiscent of the walls of the legendary Roman Colosseum.
Another innovation of Leon Alberti was manifested in the use of pilasters.
Having carefully and comprehensively studied the work of ancient Greek architects, he skillfully applied knowledge in developing a plan for a new object.
Previously, this architectural detail was used to combine the two floors of the building. The architect applied for each floor (from 1 to 3) a separate type of bearing columns: respectively, Ionic, Doric, Corinthian.
Hanging horizontal cornices complement the pilasters in terms of sophistication of forms and a clear organization of proportions.
The window space was unusually organized: on the second floor there are double windows, under one arch.
The building was well-zoned, allowing you to combine the business part of life with family life:
1st floor - business;
2nd floor - solemn;
3rd floor - sleeping;
4 (unofficial, hidden from view from the street) - floor room for servants.
The royal severity of the palaces of the Florentine nobility was gradually replaced by buildings no less magnificent, but with added elements of grace and attempts at decorating.
The palace provides an opportunity, on the one hand, to evaluate the talent and skill of the architect, and on the other, to note the evolution in the architecture of palaces of the early Renaissance.
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