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Created in 1864, materials: canvas, oil; dimensions: 58 by 77 cm. Located in the Feodosia Art Gallery. I.K. Aivazovsky, Theodosius, Crimea.
The Yalta shores and the city itself often appeared in the works of the master. But this time he is trying to penetrate into the very essence of the early southern morning, when the air is still fresh and cool, the sea is calm, and the first rays of the sun rush due to the mountains and the indistinguishable line of the foggy horizon. Presumably, the artist relied only on his special impressions when he wrote the work in his workshop.
In the far background, almost hidden in the haze, mysterious silhouettes of Martyan and Ayu-Dag appear, which Aivazovsky liked to paint in different conditions. A little closer is the small cape of St. John, and on the hill there are visible outlines - the recently completed (in 1837) Cathedral of St. John Chrysostom. Its high bell tower rises on Polikurovsky hill for a total of 45 m, due to its proximity to water, it was entered into the Black Sea navigation charts as a landmark. At the base of the hill, various-sized houses settled on the shore, the white walls of which shine under such lighting. Thin sketchy lines indicate sailboats with retracted sails.
On the left side of the picture, attention is attracted by the unusual lilac and dark purple color of the mountain, where night darkness still lurks. It contrasts beautifully with the overall gamut and sky. In the foreground, slender cypresses with translucent foliage are registered to the smallest twigs. Looking at them, it immediately becomes clear that the action takes place in the south, you can even feel that special smell of the sea and plants. Nearby, people on horses seem very small, they are dressed in oriental costumes and could stop to enjoy the sunrise. Probably, the painter depicted them like that to indicate the scale of the environment and emphasize the depth of perspective.
Morning In Pine Forest Shishkin Ivan Ivanovich