A gloomy picture in brown tones, poorly consecrated by the flame of a candle, demonstrates one of the famous religious subjects. “The renunciation of Peter” appears in the gospels of the four apostles. The New Testament episode is always described in the same way.
At the last supper, Jesus predicts the imminent betrayal of all his disciples. Peter will deny his beloved teacher three times. The faithful apostle still did not believe in what was said by Christ, but what was said was destined to come true. And, captured at night by the soldiers, Peter denies acquaintance with Jesus, so as not to be captured by them.
Rembrandt brilliantly embodied on the canvas an episode of the Passion of Christ. The plot depicted in the picture is divided into two planes. Behind you can see the shape of the Savior, looking towards the viewer and Peter. He has his back turned to us, where his bound hands are visible. Nearby is a soldier who arrested him.
The foreground tells the story of the student's betrayal. His look is frightened. With a position of the body, he shows a desire to get rid of an unexpected raid. The unceremonious servant, feeling confident under the protection of the two soldiers behind her, impudently leans against the suspect's shoulder with her left hand, illuminating his face with a candle.
The inspired face of the caught believer is beautiful and full of dignity: a straight nose, smart eyes, a noble gray beard. His bright robes hint at belonging to good powers.
Peter subsequently repents in perfect renunciation and deserves forgiveness. Soldiers are more immersed in darkness. One of them sits with folded armor and looks with suspicion at the man he met.
The painting was painted in 1660 in the traditions of the dominant baroque. Masterfully juxtaposing light and shadow, Rembrandt conveyed to the audience a holistic multi-figured biblical plot.
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